jueves, 10 de marzo de 2011

Historical context of Islamic architecture (VII): Seljuk Dynasty (1075-1318)

Anatolia was the birthplace of two major Islamic dynasties: Seljuks (1075-1318), who introduced Islam in the region, and Ottomans (1299-1922), who conquered Constantinople and ended Byzantine Empire, consolidating its hegemony in the region. 

Great Seljuq Empire in its zenith in 1092

Seljuk art and architecture led to a flourishing style from the fusion of influences from Central Asia, Iran, Mesopotamia and Syria, with elements derived from Christian Anatolia and Antiquity. Konya, the new capital of Central Anatolia, like other cities, was enriched with many new buildings constructed in Seljuk style. There are numerous mosques, madrasas, turbets, and caravanserais that have survived to our days, richly decorated with stucco and tiles with various figurative representations.

Sultahani Caravanseray, Sultahan, Turkey (1229). Plan and sections.

Sultahani Caravanseray, Sultahan, Turkey (1229). Volume

Sultahani Caravanseray, Sultahan, Turkey (1229).. Exterior.

Ince Minaret Medrese, Konya, Turkey (1258-1279). Plan.

Ince Minaret Medrese, Konya, Turkey (1258-1279). Volume.

Ince Minaret Medrese, Konya, Turkey (1258-1279). Exterior

Lecture taught at Notre Dame School of Architecture in South Bend, Indiana (USA), January 26, 2011.

Author: Pablo Álvarez Funes

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