miércoles, 23 de marzo de 2011
Typologies in Islamic Architecture (IV): Palaces
Umayyad period was characterized by palaces and bathhouses located in remote desert landscapes. Their basic plan comes from Roman military models. Although decoration of these buildings is eclectic, they are best examples of the emerging Islamic decorative style. Among decorative motifs are mosaics, wall paintings and stone or stucco sculptures.
Khirbat al-Mafsar Palace, Jericho, West Bank (743-744). Section through court.
Khirbat al-Mafsar Palace, Jericho, West Bank (743-744). Frigidarium, section.
Khirbat al-Mafsar Palace, Jericho, West Bank (743-744). Frigidarium, perspective.
Khirbat al-Mafsar Palace, Jericho, West Bank (743-744). Interior of frigidarium
Qasr Amra Palace, Jordan (711-715). Interior.
Iraq Abbasid palaces, such as Samarra and Ukhaydir, have the same ground floor structure that their Umayyads predecessors, but they are larger, use a larger iwan, domes and a courts, as well as stucco decorations.
Later Islamic period palaces developed a different distinctive style, more decorative and less monumental. Most notable example of this is Alhambra royal palace. Palatine area is fragmented into independent units: gardens, pavilions and courtyards. However, Alhambra most relevant characteristic is its decoration, providing an extraordinary atmosphere inside the building.
Alhambra Nasrid Palace, Granada, Spain (14th century). Court of the Lions.
Alhambra Nasrid Palace, Granada, Spain (14th century). Arrayanes Court.
Lecture taught at Notre Dame School of Architecture in South Bend, Indiana (USA), January 26, 2011.
Author: Pablo Álvarez Funes