martes, 15 de marzo de 2011
Historical context of Islamic architecture (IX): Magreb (1243-2010)
In Morocco, Marinids (1243-1471) replaced Almohads, while in Algeria ruled Abd al-Wadid (1235-1516) and Hafsids in Tunisia (1228-1534). Marinids perpetuated Andalusian art, enriching it with new elements. They embellished their capital, Fez, with many mosques, palaces and madrasas, considering all these buildings, with ceramic tiles and zelish panels decorating the walls, as the most perfect examples of Islamic art. The last Moroccan dynasties, Saadian (1527-1659) and Alaouirtes (1659-present), continued the artistic tradition of Andalusian exiles from their homeland in 1492.
To build and decorate their monuments, these dynasties continued using the same formulas and the same decorative themes that previous dynasties, and added innovative touches of their own creative genius. In early 17th century, Andalusian migrants (Morisco) who established their residences in northern cities of Morocco introduced many Andalusian art elements. Today, Morocco is one of the few countries that has kept alive Andalusian traditions in architecture and furnishings, upgraded by the incorporation of 20th century techniques and architectural styles.
Abi el Hassen Mosque, Tlemecén, Argelia, 1296.
Mosque and Madrasa of Al-Qarawiyyin, Fez, Morocco (1134-1144). Plan
Mosque and Madrasa of Al-Qarawiyyin, Fez, Morocco (1134-1144). Aerial view.
Mosque and Madrasa of Al-Qarawiyyin, Fez, Morocco (1134-1144). Court.
Menara Gardens, Marrakech, Marruecos (h. 1130). Aerial View.
Menara Gardens, Marrakech, Marruecos (h. 1130). Saadian pavillion.