viernes, 25 de marzo de 2011

Typologies in Islamic Architecture (V): Caravanserai

Caravanserai is usually referred to a large structure that provides shelter to travelers and traders. It is usually square or rectangular, and offers a unique outgoing monumental entrance with towers in the exterior walls. Around a large central area surrounded by galleries there are rooms for travelers, merchandise stores and stables. 

This building type responds to a wide variety of functions, as evidenced by his many names: jan, have, ribat or funduq. These terms indicate regional differences in language, but not relevant functional distinctions. Caravanserais architectural sources are difficult to identify. Some of them are perhaps derived from Roman castrum or military camp, and are related to Umayyad desert palaces. Other types, such as common in Mesopotamia and Persia, are more associated to domestic architecture.

Sultahani Caravanseray, Sultahan, Turkey (1229). Plan and sections.

Sultahani Caravanseray, Sultahan, Turkey (1229). Volume

Sultahani Caravanseray, Sultahan, Turkey (1229).. Exterior.

Lecture taught at Notre Dame School of Architecture in South Bend, Indiana (USA), January 26, 2011.

Author: Pablo Álvarez Funes

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